A joint is an area where two or more bones make contact. Out of three hundred six joints in a human body, there are seven significant joints:-
Ball & Socket Joint:- This joint has the rounded head of one bone placed in the cup of another bone.
Hinge Joint:- Hinge Joint is similar to a door. This joint’s opening and closing are in one direction by the side of one plane.
Condyloid Joint:- In this joint, there is motion but no rotation.
Pivot Joint:- This joint is also known as the trochoid joint or rotary joint, and it is attributed to one bone that can hinge in a ring that is shaped from another bone.
Gliding Joint:- The plane joint is another name for this joint. This gliding joint has a polished surface that can assist in sliding over one another.
Saddle joint:- Like the condyloid joint, the saddle joint allows motion but no rotation.
Joint replacement is also known as Arthroplasty. In this course of action, the surgeon separates an injured joint and instead restores an artificial one. These artificial joints are made of metal, ceramic, or plastic. This artificial new joint seems like the natural joint and works just like that.
The doctor can restore joints of any part of the body, but the most usual joint is the Hip and Knee Replacement.
The recovery time for Arthroplasty is different for different people. It is based on what type of procedure the doctor opts for, the patient's lifestyle & age, and the kind of joint that the surgeon has restored.
Several reasons lead to joint replacement:-
Even after consuming medications, getting injections, rest, etc., if the joint pain has not improved.
If your joint has limited mobility and stiffness, it is hard for you to do your day-to-day activities.
If you have swelling that doesn’t cure with lifestyle changes or medications.
For preparing for the procedure, the doctor will guide the patient by recommending which exercise they should do, which diet program they should follow, or which physical therapy they should go in before the surgery. The surgeon will be confident that the patient is ready and fit for the surgery through these things.
In joint replacement, various tests need to be done to assess the overall health. After examining the patient's health history, the doctor may ask the patient to visit them for another examination.
Arthroplasty demands outpatient surgery. The surgeon first provides anesthesia to the patient, which differs on what kind of joint the patient needs to be replaced and the sort of surgery the surgeon is opting for.
The surgeon creates minor cuts, separates the injured joint, and restores it with an artificial joint. To close the incisions, the surgeon can use stitches, staples, or surgical glue. After this, the health provider wraps the joint in a bandage.
In the joint replacement, the patient is usually allowed to go home on the same day after the surgery. But in some cases, the patient requires to stay for one hour or two at the hospital for this surgery. The patient can consult the doctor about planning for recovery. After the surgery, the patient requires someone who can take them home and someone who can help them in their daily tasks- bathing or laundry.
Pain is normal after this surgery. Specific guidelines need to be followed by the patient for the first few days after the surgery:-
Dr. Darsh Goyal is a renowned Orthopaedic Surgeon who has 20 years of experience in shoulder and knee replacement surgery. He has worked in some of the finest hospitals across the globe. He has successfully treated more than nine thousand patients. Dr. Darsh has received training from some of the most respected institutes worldwide - NHS England, Hss New York, USA, and Munich, Germany. He has written many books and international papers. Dr. Goyal’s Bones & Joint Centre is among the best centers for advanced Arthroscopy/Laser Surgery for knee and shoulder and Fast track Total knee Replacement.
Q1) What is the most common joint replacement?
The most common joint replacements are hip replacement and knee replacement.
Q2) Is joint replacement major surgery?
Yes, joint replacement is major surgery. And because of this, you must be aware of the risks and complications before going for the surgery.
Q3)How successful is joint replacement?
The success rate for joint replacement is ninety percent. The doctors have been doing this replacement for several years now, with excellent results.
Q5) Does joint replacement cure arthritis?
To cure arthritis, joint replacement is not a permanent solution, but it will temporarily relieve arthritis pain.