Having healthy knees is vital to carrying out day-to-day chores. Our knee is the largest joint in the body and comprises three parts: the femur, tibia, and patella. The femur is the lower end of the thighbone. The tibia is the upper end of the shinbone, and the patella is the kneecap. A smooth substance known as articulate cartilage protects the ends of these bones and allows the leg to move comfortably.
Between the femur and tibia, c-shaped wedges, aka menisci, act as “shock absorbers” that shield the joints. Not only this, there are large ligaments that hold the femur and tibia together and provide strength and stability to the knees.
A synovial membrane covers all the left sections of the knee. This membrane is a thin lining and releases a fluid that polishes the cartilage, lessening the friction in a healthy knee.
Typically, these components work in accordance. However, if it gets infected by some disease or injury, the outcome will be painful, and the muscle will get weak and diminish its functioning.
Arthritis is an illness that results in swelling, stiffness, and pain in the joints. Arthritis can harm even the strongest and largest body joints. Knee arthritis is very common and can be a weakening and severe ailment.
There are numerous kinds of arthritis but the most common types that might influence the knee consist:-
According to the experts, human genes might be responsible for arthritis. One could have a gene connected to arthritis without any awareness and even an injury or come in contact with the virus can set off arthritis of the knee. Here is the list of causes of arthritis in knee:-
There are several knee arthritis symptoms:-
The treatment for arthritis in the knees can be divided into two categories - Non- surgical & Surgical:-
The doctor always first suggests to their patients the non-surgical treatment before going for the surgical treatment. There is a range of treatment options in this treatment category.
Physical Therapy: Certain exercises help expand the range of flexibility and motion and also assist in building up the muscles in the leg. The physical therapist can make a customized exercise program that will be compatible with the patient’s lifestyle and necessities.
Lifestyle modification: Sometimes, the lifestyle of the patient is also the root cause of their knee arthritis. So, some changes in the lifestyle can actually protect the knee joint.
Medications: For treating knee arthritis, there are various kinds of drugs. As every patient reacts differently to different medications, the doctor will carefully examine the patient and determine the right medications and dosages that are effective and safe for them.
Other remedies: In order to provide some level of pain relief, the doctor can advise the patient to use pain-relieving ointments, put ice and heat, etc.
When non-surgical treatments fail to provide any relief to the patient, then the doctor switches to surgical treatment.
Arthroscopy: Arthroscopy surgery is not usual in treating knee arthritis. But the treatment is done when there is osteoarthritis with a degenerative meniscus tear. In this process, the surgeon makes tiny cuts and puts some mini instruments to determine and cure the joint issues.
Synovectomy: In this treatment, in order to lessen the swelling and pain, the surgeon removes the joint lining that got damaged by rheumatoid arthritis.
Arthroplasty: In arthroplasty, the surgeon separates the injured bone & cartilage and places the plastic joint surface to reinstall the knee‘s functions.
Cartilage grafting: Cartilage grafting is a treatment that generally comes into the thought only when there are younger patients that have cartilage damage in small areas.
Dr. Darsh Goyal is a renowned Orthopedic Surgeon who has experience of nearly two decades in knee and shoulder surgery. He has worked in some of the finest hospitals across the globe. He has successfully treated more than nine thousand patients. Dr. Darsh has received training from some of the most respected institutes worldwide - NHS England, Hss New York, USA, and Munich, Germany. He has written many books and international papers. Dr. Goyal’s Bones & Joint Centre is among the best centers for advanced Arthroscopy/Laser Surgery for knee and shoulder and Fast track Total knee Replacement.
Q1) How to prevent knee arthritis?
In order to prevent knee arthritis, make sure to:-
Q2) How do you treat arthritic knees?
There are various ways to treat arthritic knees. They are divided into two categories- Non-surgical & Surgical.
Q3) Is walking good for arthritis in knees?
Walking is a great option for several patients because it is a low-impact activity that doesn’t create stress on the knee joints.
Q4) Can arthritis be removed from knee?
There is no cure for knee arthritis but there are treatments that can help in slowing down the symptoms and their progress.