A Total Knee Replacement (TKR) or Total Knee Arthroplasty is a surgery that replaces an arthritic knee joint with artificial metal or plastic replacement parts called the prostheses.


The procedure is usually recommended for older patients who suffer from pain and loss of function from arthritis and have failed results from other conservative methods of therapy.

The typical knee replacement replaces the ends of the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) with plastic inserted between them and usually the patella (knee cap).

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Arthritis is a general term covering numerous conditions where the joint surface (cartilage) wears out. The joint surface is covered by a smooth articular surface that allows pain free movement in the joint. This surface can wear out for a number of reasons, often the definite cause is not known. When the articular cartilage wears out, the bone ends rub on one another and cause pain. There are numerous conditions that can cause arthritis and often the exact cause is never known. In general, but not always, it affects people as they get older (Osteoarthritis).Other causes include


Trauma (fracture)

Increased stress e.g., overuse, overweight, etc

Avascular necrosis (loss of blood supply)

Inactive lifestyle- e.g., Obesity, as additional weight puts extra force through your joints which can lead to arthritis over a period of time

Inflammation e.g., Rheumatoid arthritis

Childhood disorders e.g., dislocated hip, Perthe disease, slipped epiphysis etc.

Growth abnormalities of the hip (such as a shallow socket) may lead to premature arthritis


Connective tissue disorders

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Surgical Procedure

Making the decision to have a full knee replacement shouldn't come lightly. Understanding the intricacies of both the surgery and recovery is important.

The best place to find that kind of information is from healthcare experts and the people who have experienced it firsthand. That's what we looked for in compiling this year's list of best knee replacement blogs — resources that educate, inspire, and empower.


Knee replacement surgery can help with severe arthritis pain and may help you walk easier too. Wear and tear, illness, or a knee injury can damage the cartilage around your knee bones and keep the joint from working well. If arthritis symptoms are severe, your doctor may suggest knee replacement.

During knee replacement surgery, the surgeon takes damaged cartilage and bone out of the knee joint and replaces them with a manmade joint. The operation is also called knee arthroplasty, and it's one of the most common bone surgeries

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Total knee replacement can increase mobility and decrease pain in people who have an injured or arthritic knee joint. More than 90 percent of patients who have knee replacement surgery experience less pain and greater mobility in their knee after the procedure.


Pain Relief

Knee surgery can alleviate the debilitating knee pain you feel when walking, running, standing,or even when you are sitting or lying down. Knee surgery effectively alleviates pain.

Improved mobility

Knee pain is especially disabling because it prevents you from walking long distances. Significant knee pain can prevent you from walking short distances inside your own home or at work. Even moderate knee pain can interfere with your ability to take care of your family or do a good job at work. Knee pain can even lead to a sedentary lifestyle, resulting in weight gain and ill health.

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