Shoulder pain can have causes that aren't due to underlying disease. Examples include overuse, disuse, sprain, strain or sleeping on side.



Resting and avoiding movements that cause pain may relieve physical discomfort. Icing the painful area and taking pain medication such as ibuprofen, paracetamol or diclofenac may also help.

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Causes of Shoulder pain

Bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs that are located in joints throughout the body, including the shoulder. They act as cushions between bones and the overlying soft tissues, and help reduce friction between the gliding muscles and the bone. Sometimes, excessive use of the shoulder leads to inflammation and swelling of the bursa between the rotator cuff and part of the shoulder blade known as the acromion. The result is a condition known as subacromial bursitis. Bursitis often occurs in association with rotator cuff tendinitis. The many tissues in the shoulder can become inflamed and painful. Many daily activities, such as combing your hair or getting dressed, may become difficult.



A tendon is a cord that connects muscle to bone. Most tendinitis is a result of inflammation in the tendon.

Acute. Excessive ball throwing or other overhead activities during work or sport can lead to acute tendinitis.

Chronic. Degenerative diseases like arthritis or repetitive wear and tear due to age, can lead to chronic tendinitis.

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Diagnosing Shoulder Pain

In the case of an acute injury causing intense pain, we recommend seeking medical care as soon as possible.

The first goal in our office is to conduct a thorough evaluation in order to determine the cause of your shoulder pain and provide you with the best treatment options.


Even if you are not a sportsperson, recent studies show that people who don't have their damaged ACL reconstructed could be at greater risk of meniscus tears, early arthritis and cartilage damage, due to the reduced support of the joint system as a result of the ligament damage.


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound

Computed tomography (CT) scan

Electrical studies



Additionally, anyone, of any age, no matter how much physical activity they do, who experience repeated episodes of their knee giving out and who have not responded to non-surgical treatment for their damaged ACL would benefit greatly from ACL reconstruction surgery.

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